As the basic rule of school life, school regulations are not only written rules, but more importantly, the educational philosophy reflected behind it, the school culture created under this philosophy, and the school living space shaped by it. This research analyzes the school regulations of 20 elementary schools in Germany, and points out the various characters of school regulations, in form and in content. With the hope to inspire the educational staff to further think about the fundamental meaning of school regulations.
This research analyzes the form and content of school regulations through text analysis and calculation of the frequency of words. In terms of form, it analyzes the presentation of school regulations, the maker of the school regulations, the way of and the tone of narration, etc.; in terms of content, it focuses on the purpose of the school regulations, the main points of the regulations, the objects regulated and the punishment. In addition to these, it also illuminates the imaginations about the school and the student implicated in the school regulations.
In terms of form, German elementary school regulations are mostly presented in an orderly or narrative style. In addition to the imperative tone of narration, many schools also adopt the first-person approach to narrate, showing the spirit of taking students as the main body; as far as the content is concerned, the school regulations pay attention to the basic rules that students must abide by in the school, especially the interactive rules and conflict handling ways during rest time. In summary, in the school imagination presented by German school regulations, play is the focus of students' lives, and the expected model of student is the basic requirement of a civil society members.
In the past, most studies related to school regulations conducted from a legal perspective, and seldom discussed the meaning of the form and content presented in the school regulations text. This is the important value of this research.
The formulation and content of the school regulations demonstrate the basic beliefs in educational values. School regulations are not only the behavior orientation of student, but also shapes the campus culture together. The de-authoritative campus culture is the consensus of the democratic era, and the practices shown by some school regulations in Germany are worthy of reference.